Theme: Art, Landmarks, History
Gobustan Reserve is an open-air museum filled with Neolithic rock drawings. There are around 4000 inscriptions that go back 12,000 years (with some 2000 year old Latin graffiti as well). The well-preserved sketches depict ancient populations travelling on reed boats; men hunting antelope and wild bulls, and women dancing. The famed Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl visited many times to study the site, which he thoguht was evidence that modern-day Scandinavians migrated north through the Caucasus in prehistoric times. He found similarities in the carvings to those found in Scandinavia, particularly in Alta, Norway. According to Icelandic Sagas, written in the 13th century, the Norse God Odin (Wotan) migrated from the Caucasus in the first century AD.
After that you will also have the opportunity to visit a unique site where 300 of the planet's estimated 700 mud volcanoes are located. Many geologists as well as locals and international mud tourists trek to such places as the Firuz Crater, Gobustan, Salyan and cover themselves in the mud which is thought to have medicinal properties. In 2001 one mud volcano 15 kilometers from Baku made world news when it suddenly started spewing flames 15 meters high.
Unfortunately, the mud volcanoes area has been recently declared a National Park with limited access, though sporadic visits seems feasible as there is no security. Definitely worth visiting as it's one of the rarest things one can see on Earth.
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